Kristina Pyankovskaya

Kristina Pyankovskaya

Like walking and ready to share positive emotions

Old Charming Moscow
  • Zamoskvorechye (literally “beyond the Moscow river”) is a beautiful ancient district close to Red Square and the Kremlin. The first mention of the area refers to 14th century, lately here lived royal guards and artisans serving the court. In the 19th century wealthy merchants settled here, many of whom were patrons of the arts. Zamoskvorechye is a proud survivor of prerevolutionary Moscow, as it remained relatively untouched by the replanning of the 1930s. The area is bursting with historic character and an old-fashioned atmosphere. A tour includes Pyatnitskaya and Bolshaya Ordynka Streets,  Klimentovskiy and Lavrushinsky Lanes and Kadashevskaya embankment with numerous palaces, museums and churches built on merchants’ contributions as a gift to Moscow.

Tour Information

Location
Duration
2 Hours
Departure
13:00
Price per Participant
10.00 USD
Languages
Group size
1 - 5 people
Categories
Transportation
Walking
Includes
Excludes
Cancellation

About the creator
Kristina Pyankovskaya

Kristina Pyankovskaya

Zamoskvorechye (literally “beyond the Moscow river”) is a beautiful ancient district close to Red Square and the Kremlin. The first mention of the area refers to 14th century, lately here lived royal guards and artisans serving the court. In the 19th century wealthy merchants settled here, many of whom were patrons of the arts. Zamoskvorechye is a proud survivor of prerevolutionary Moscow, as it remained relatively untouched by the replanning of the 1930s. The area is bursting with historic character and an old-fashioned atmosphere. A tour includes Pyatnitskaya and Bolshaya Ordynka Streets,  Klimentovskiy and Lavrushinsky Lanes and Kadashevskaya embankment with numerous palaces, museums and churches built on merchants’ contributions as a gift to Moscow.

Church of St Clement

An imposing, red-painted church was built between 1762 and 1774. It is a unique monument of religious architecture of the 18th century, which combines the traditional five Russian cupolas with elements of baroque architecture.

In the Soviet times, the church was closed and was used as part of the Lenin State Library. Only in 2008 the building was reverted to the Russian Orthodox Church.

Convent of Saints Martha and Mary

A secluded compound appearing at first sight a medieval building was constructed in 1908-1912 by Aleksey Shchusev. It is a female convent founded in 1908 by Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna (sister-in-law of Tsar Nicolas II) to assist sick, wounded, and maimed soldiers in their recovery, and to provide for the needs of the poor and orphans. She had turned to charitable work after her husband, Grand Prince Sergei (Tsar Nicolas II’s uncle) was assassinated by a terrorist bomb in 1905. At its peak, the convent housed 97 sisters and served 300 meals daily to the poor.

After the Revolution the Order of the Sisters of Charity was suppressed and the church was used as a workshop for restoring icons for a number of years. Now the nuns have returned to staff the clinic

Church of St Nicholas of Pyzhi

It is a beautiful example of a late 17th century church. The white stone building has a lavish exterior including two rows of kokoshniki, dentil and beaded molding below the wide cornices, and finely carved window frames with triangular, pointed and rounded pediments.

It was constructed between 1670-1672 in the area once inhabited by the Streltsy, the royal guards, who provided the funds for it. Some of these men were later executed by Peter the Great for their role in Streltsy Rebellion in 1682.

Tretyakov Gallery

The Tretyakov Gallery was founded in 1856 by the wealthy merchant Pavel Tretyakov who acquired works of Russian artists with the aim to create a collection which might later grow into a museum of national art. In 1892 Tretyakov presented his private collection of approximately 2,000 works. Nowadays the collection contains more than 170,000 works by Russian artists from early religious paintings to modern art.

The gallery’s facade was designed by the painter Viktor Vasnetsov in a peculiar Russian fairy-tale style inspired by medieval manuscripts. The gallery was constructed in 1902-1904, during the 20th century it expanded to several neighboring buildings.

Bolotnaya Square

Bolotnaya Square (literally “marsh”) was known since the 14th century, it was frequently flooded as the square located in the meadows on the low bank of the Moscow River. The square was frequently used for public executions, notably, the famous rebel Stepan Razin in 1671 and Yemelyan Pugachev, a leader of a peasant rebellion, who was executed there in 1775.

The area was flooded on a regular basis until the 1780s, when the Vodootvodny Canal was constructed to normalize the situation.In the 19th century, the area was built up by the addition houses and warehouses of local merchants. In 1940s it was decided to set up a park there, later in 1958, the monument to Ilya Repin (Russian painter) was built in the center of the square.

In 2001, the sculpture group of “Children are the victims of adult vices” by Michail Chemiakin was installed in the square.

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